Effects of Road on Ecological Conditions


Let’s take a simple example. A man traveling by car over a long distance determines his route by means of a highway map. Cities, lakes and mountains appear as obstacles to be bypassed. The countryside is organized and designed according to highways: what the traveler finds there is no longer a derivative or an annex to the highway. Various signs tell the traveler what to do and what to think; they even charge their attention to the beauties of nature or to the vestiges of history. Others have already thought for him, and that may be in his best interest. Parking areas have been developed where the prospect is the largest and the most impressive. Giant commercials tell him when to stop and where to find the perfect place for a good break. And all this is undoubtedly to his advantage, his safety and comfort; he gets what he wants. Trade, technology, human needs and nature are united in a rational and timely mechanism. The one who will follow these indications will succeed better, subordinating suddenly his spontaneity to the anonymous knowledge that has arranged everything for him.
The most important is that such an attitude, which dissolves human actions in a sequence of semi-spontaneous reactions responding to mechanical standards imposed, is not only perfectly rational but also perfectly reasonable. Any protest is meaningless, and the individual who would put his freedom of action forward would inevitably become eccentric. There is no personal escape from the device that mechanized and standardized the world. It is a rational device that combines maximum convenience with maximum convenience, saves time and energy, eliminates losses, adapts means and ends, anticipates effects, establishes forecasts and guarantees safety.
By manipulating the machine, man learns that obedience to the guidelines is the only way to get the desired results. The fluidity of everyday life is confused with adjustment to the device. There is no room for autonomy. Individual rationality has evolved into a thought of effective conformity to the given continuum of means and ends, the latter recovering efforts to liberate thought, and the various functions of reason converge towards the unconditional maintenance of the apparatus. . It has often been said that scientific discoveries and inventions are stuck when they seem to interfere with the demands of marketing.
Florian Znaniecki, The Social Role of the Man of Knowledge, New …The need, which is the mother of inventions, is in large part the need to maintain and expand the device. “The primary use [of inventions] is to benefit trade and not industry and, on the second level, to serve the enlargement, or rather the acceleration, of mandatory social amenities. “Inventions are essentially competitive in nature and” any technological advantage gained on its competitors implies for them a vital catch-up, at the risk of failure. ” This to the point where it could be said that in the monopolistic system “invention is the mother of need”.
All things happen so that the instincts, desires and thoughts of men can be channeled in order to nourish the apparatus. The dominant socio-economic organizations “do not maintain their power by force, they get there by identifying with the fidelity and loyalty of the people”

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