Technology and Civilization, Paris, Seuil, …

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In this article, technology is understood as a social process in which the technology itself (ie the technical apparatus of industry, transport and communications) is only a partial factor. We will not question the influence of technology on human individuals. This is because men are both an integral part and a factor of technology, not only because they invent the machines or work with them, but because they constitute the social groups that direct its implementation. and its application. Technology, as a mode of production, as the set of instruments, devices and devices that define the machine age:
Cf. Lewis Mumford, Technology and Civilization, Paris, Seuil, …
The technique itself can promote authoritarianism as well as freedom, rarity as much as abundance, expansion of labor as much as its abolition. National Socialism is a striking example of how a highly rational and mechanized economy achieving the highest productivity can also work in the interests of totalitarian oppression and the perpetuation of scarcity. The Third Reich is indeed a form of “technocracy”: the technical considerations inherent in imperialist rationality and efficiency supersede the traditional criteria of profit and collective well-being. In National Socialist Germany, the reign of terror does not rest solely on brute force, itself foreign to technology, but also on ingenious manipulations of the power inherent in technology: the intensification of labor, propaganda, the training of youth and workers, the organization of governmental, industrial and party bureaucracies – which constitute the daily apparatus of terror – all meet the imperatives of the highest technological efficiency.

This terrorist technocracy can not be attributed to the exceptional imperatives of the war economy. On the contrary, it is the natural state of social and economic social-nationalist shaping, of which technology is one of the main stimuli. industrial and party – which constitute the daily device of terror – all meet the imperatives of the highest technological efficiency. This terrorist technocracy can not be attributed to the exceptional imperatives of the war economy. On the contrary, it is the natural state of social and economic social-nationalist shaping, of which technology is one of the main stimuli. industrial and party – which constitute the daily device of terror – all meet the imperatives of the highest technological efficiency. This terrorist technocracy can not be attributed to the exceptional imperatives of the war economy. On the contrary, it is the natural state of social and economic social-nationalist shaping, of which technology is one of the main stimuli.
See ARL Gurland, “Technological Trends and Economic …
During the technological process, a new rationality and a new model of individuality have spread within society, different from (and even opposing) those who initiated the march of technology. These transformations are not a direct or indirect consequence of mechanization on its users or mass production on consumers; rather, they themselves are determining factors in the development of mechanization and mass production. In order to fully understand the full significance of these transformations, it is necessary to look briefly at the essence of rationality as well as the model of individuality subject to dissolution at the present stage of the machine age.

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